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Native Plants for Every Environment

Natives are great for many reasons. But to give them a great start, they need to be planted in the proper environment. Whether you have shade, part shade to sun, moisture or a dry landscape, there is a group of plants that would be perfect for that site.

If you have a shady area, consider planting in layers. Woodland plants are suited for shade or part sun for the edges of the woods.

Here are some examples.

Understory layer Amelanchier canadensis (Serviceberry) Asimina triloba (Paw paw) Cercis canadensis (Red bud) Chionanthus virginicus (Fringetree) Hamamelis virginiana (Witch hazel)

Shrub layer Cephalanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush) Cornus stolonifera (Red osier dogwood) Hydrangea arborescens (Wild hydrangea) Lindera benzoin (Spicebush) Rhus aromatica (Fragrant sumac) Sambucus canadensis (Elderberry) Virbunum dentatum (Southern Arrowwood)

Perennial layer Anemone virginiana (Tall thimbleweed) Aruncus dioicus (Goatsbeard) Asarum canadense (Wild ginger) Cimicifuga racemosa (Black cohosh) Dicentra eximia (Wild bleeding heart) Podophyllum peltatum (Mayapple) Polygonatum biflorum (Solomon?s seal) Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot) Sedum ternatum (Wild stonecrop) Stylophorum diphyllum (Woodland poppy) Tiarella cordifolia (Foamflower) Trillium grandiflorum (White trillium)

If you have sun to part shade, low medium or very moist areas, the prairie native perennials can give you a full season of color. You can add some exciting perennial beds, make large sweeping meadows or, if space is limited, you can do an urban meadow.

Low to medium moisture Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) Aster novae-angliae (New England aster) Baptisia australis (Blue wild indigo) Baptisia tinctoria (Yellow wild indigo) Coreopsis verticillata (Threadleaf coreopsis) Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed) Liatris spicata (Dense blazing star) Phlox paniculata (Summer tall phlox) Rudbeckia fulgida (Black-eyed Susan) Monarda didyma (Beebalm)

Medium to moist areas Chelone glabra (turtle head) Geranium maculatum (Wild geranium) Iris virginica (Virginia blue flag) Hibiscus moscheutos (Eastern rosemallow) Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal flower) Lobelia siphilitia (Great blue lobelia) Physostegia virginiana (Obedient plant)

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